Nepal is a country located geographically within the sub-tropical zone, which maintains a vast variety of climates and altitudes. This allows Nepal to support the growth of a wide assortment of horticultural crops, especially citrus fruits. Within the country of Nepal, the hill regions tend to be well suited for fruit crops such as citrus, which represents one of the most important types of fruit growth in Nepal. Citrus fruits are produced extensively in the mid-hills of Nepal; they cover an area of approximately 9495.5 hectares with a projected production of roughly 64,132 metric tons of fruit yearly. Among the citrus fruits produced is the indigenous Junar, a sweet orange, which is grown in the Ramechhap, Dhankuta, Sindhuli and Bhojpur districts .
Junar is a citrus species nutritious fruit. It is being commercially cultivated in 42 V.D.C. of Sindhuli District. and 6 VDC of Ramechap district. It is cultivated in places with altitudes of 800 to 1300 meter along the Mahabharata range. Scientifically this is proved as the appropriate area and altitude for Junar farming. The Junar tree starts bearing flowers in April and the fruit is ready from December and can be enjoyed till the end of April. And it is scientifically known as Citrus Sine sis. junar is a juicy fruit having easily separable 10 segments of pulps. It is yellow to orange reddish in color and rich in flavor.The shape of the fruit is globose or ovate and sub-globose but it is normally an apex round with slightly depressed in base round. Junar is being commercially cultivated in 42 V.D.C. in Sindhuli. Ratanchura, Tinkanya, Jalkanya, Bitijor, Basheshwor, Majhuwa and Dumja villages are the pocket areas.